Deception in Research
Here are the Questions for Chapter 1:
1. Think of and describe a noncontroversial topic that would require some deception in order to collect unbiased data from participants.
2. Stanley Milgram’s (1963) famous experiment demonstrated that authoritative people could coerce ordinary people into obedience. Milgram’s findings were groundbreaking but controversial because he deceived his participants. An institutional review board (IRB) would probably decline his proposal if he were conducting the experiment today. However, given that his findings ultimately benefited psychology, is it important to support similar experiments wherein participants are deceived, seeing as they could result in important evidence? Can you think of a possibly controversial experiment that would be more beneficial to society than harmful to participants?
Here are the Questions for Chapter 2:
1. Eugenics is a growing field of study that opens up the possibility of eliminating genetic diseases in the human population. Discuss the pros and cons of eugenics in determining characteristics of offspring and thereby changing future populations.
2. Argue for or against the use of sex determination, considering the larger picture of the human population as a whole and the potential consequences of making such a choice. What factors should we include to make such a decision?