Hi, I am looking for someone to write an article on tuberculosis as an airborne infectious bacterial disease Paper must be at least 1250 words. Please, no plagiarized work! It is mostly spread from a person to another through the air when the infected person talks, sneezes, sings, laughs or coughs. However, the American Lung Association, ALA observes that contracting TB is not easy and one has to be close to someone with TB for a long time so as to be infected. It is highly prevalent among those infected with HIV, the young, the elderly, those injecting illegal drugs and those who have suffered the disease before or not treated properly before. It could be fatal if not treated.
Normally, people infected with TB show no symptoms. However, in severe cases of TB disease, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC observes that such a patient could experience a persistent cough, lasting for three weeks or more, loss of appetite, weight loss, constant fatigue, fever, night sweats and coughing up blood or sputum. ALA cautions that these symptoms could also be observed with other diseases hence the importance of seeking the advice of a healthcare provider and allowing for diagnosis of TB.
There are various tests that could be conducted to diagnose TB. TB skin test and chest x-ray are cited by Wyka, Mathews and Tutkowski as good preliminary indicators of the disease (216). Should the findings from these procedures indicate a high likelihood of TB infection, then, organism recovery procedures and sputum smear cultures would be needed for further evaluation. Of these tests, the common ones undertaken in a laboratory setting are the sputum Gram staining and acid-fast staining.
Generally, Gram staining is a standard procedure that has been used in clinical microbiology to assess the quality of the specimen so as to give preliminary diagnostic information. There are various assessment systems used in sputum Gram staining method. Various quantitative criteria inform the development of screening criteria to determine the quality of the specimen based on the fact that abundant squamous .epithelial cells indicate superficial oropharyngeal contamination.