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He was a Phoenix resident.
Miranda was sentenced to serve between 20 to 30 years in prison. However, he appealed to the Supreme Court of Arizona stating that the police had acquired his confession through unconstitutional means. This court ruled against him and upheld his conviction. However, the U.S Supreme Court decided to review Miranda’s case three years after his original conviction as he decided to appeal for the second time. The legal question that the U.S Supreme Court had to ponder about was whether a suspect ought to be made aware of their rights prior to any form of interrogation.
To answer this question, the Supreme Court had to analyze the American judicial system and provide new restraints that the society must follow when prosecuting individuals of any crime. The Supreme Court determined that if an individual is to be subjected towards any form of interrogation, they must first be made aware of their rights such as the right to an attorney that can be provided by the state if the suspect is indigent and even to remain silent (Clarkson et al. 210). Remaining silent was an option that the suspect could take but it had to come with an explanation that anything that the suspect would say could be used against them during a court hearing. This implies that if the suspect decides to withhold certain information and then produce it during the session, it could strengthen the case against them.
The right to be provided an attorney during the interrogation was to ensure that the interrogation is undertaken on constitutional grounds. This was to ensure that the constitution is as fair as possible since the individual remains innocent until proven otherwise. This implies that the suspect not only has privileges such as remaining silent due to the protection of the constitution but also a consequence that could