Hi, need to submit a 2000 words essay on the topic U.S.A. PATRIOT Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Future of Domestic Intelligence.
The attacks demolished the world trade center, which was regarded as a unique nucleus of international trade established in New York City, and took away 2,749 innocent lives. The attacks shook the pillars of the national security of United States of America and questioned the operation and functioning of the intelligence of the country. Following the day of attack, President George Bush immediately declared war on terrorism with his speech, “The United States of America will use all our resources to conquer this enemy” (Kam & Wong, 2006, p. 380). Later, on investigation it was revealed that two of the terrorist pilots gained flying training at the Huffman Aviation International in Venice, Florida, in September 2000. These men entered the United States of America on a visitor’s visa. It was further analyzed that the applications of these men were changed from the visitor to those of vocational students which were processed by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Another pilot infiltrated the country on October 9, 2000 with an F-1 student visa for the purpose of studying English at English as a second language (ESL) center in California, USA. In this case it was also revealed that the student never attended the institute and the institute never reported about the missing student.
With this background information it could be said that the country was suffering from inefficient intelligence operation and management. In fact legitimate questions arose regarding the intelligence operation of the nation. In the aftermath of the 9/11 disaster, America witnessed the tightening of the trajectories of homeland security and enforcement of amended and new laws with stricter policies towards immigration and emigration. But it has been also questioned as to what extent the laws were feasible in the context of the protection of the civil