I need help creating a thesis and an outline on How the Ocean Affects the Climate. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. The thermohaline circulation (Oceanic thermohaline because it involves both heat, hence “thermo,” and salt, hence haline) of the ocean distributes heat energy between the equatorial and polar regions of the earth while other ocean currents do the same between land and water.
The sea interacts with the atmosphere in two different methods, physically and chemically. The physical way is through the exchange of heat, water, and momentum. More than 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered by ocean and contains about 97 percent of its surface water and stores huge amounts of energy in the form of heat. Besides, the sea has comparatively large temperature resistance to change. Today, it is understood that the biological and physical performance of the ocean can change rapidly over a minute and large areas. It usually decides the timing and models of climate change.
When the heat increases over the ocean which escapes warming the atmosphere create temperature variation in the atmosphere which in turn causes winds. As a result, winds move horizontally over the sea surface to drive ocean motion patterns. The variations in temperature and salinity cause vertical ocean currents which makes the warmer, fresher waters flow upwards as colder, denser, or saltier water tends to move down. Eventually, a complex flow pattern is created through which the warm surface waters move poleward where heat escapes fast to outer space, as cold, deep currents are established in the sea depths. Because of this complex ocean circulation movement system, the oceans and atmosphere get together to distribute heat and control climate. This movement conveys huge amounts of heat and as a result more moderate climates on land areas that are nearer the ocean.
It is not surprising to note that man’s increasing needs have simultaneously increased a load of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.