I Will Pay For The Following Essay Different Approaches To Development Of Scient

I will pay for the following essay Different Approaches to Development of Scientific Method in 20th century: Karl Popper’s Falsification Theory and Thomas Kuhn’s P. The essay is to be 3 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.

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The argument about the best methods to study data and make sense of it has been continuing from the earliest civilizations. The Indus and Egyptian civilizations had conducted research into medicine and agriculture that was systematically laid out and passed from generation to generation. Babylonian documents express a scientific documentation of astronomy. and the pre-Socratic Greeks have discussed the presence of atom – like units if physics. The first step towards empiricism as a method was possibly Aristotle. who established the value of deductive reasoning. On the other hand, Muslim physicist Ibn al-Haytham demonstrated the use of scientific procedures that are similar to the inductive inferences drawn by present day researchers. Robert Grosseteste and later Roger bacon (1265) discussed the procedures of science. Bacon has described the process of observation followed by hypothesis formation and then experimentation in his trilogy Opus Majus,&nbsp.Opus Minus, and&nbsp.Opus Tertium. Galileo&nbsp.was the first to expound the use of experiments as a research tools and a means to understanding the world. Francis Bacon&nbsp.(1561–1626)&nbsp.continued Galileo’s move away from Aristotelian philosophy. and towards objective experimentation and observation, which was further fueled by the works of Descartes (1637). These methods provided the basis on which Newton suggested his theories to understand the world around us. Immanuel Kant did attempt in the 18th century to reconcile what he believed was the best of both previous methods, and provided a new method of hypothesis testing through his works. The debate has continued into the 20th century. with the most significant contributions coming from Karl Popper in 1934, starting with his first publication “The Logic of Science Discovery” and from Thomas Kuhn in 1962 with his “The Structure of Scientific Revolution”. Popper who was critical of the inductivism and naturalism as well as positivism principles that were extensively used in scientific research till that point chose to establish his Falsification theory and enable a more controlled understanding of science. According the Popper, the potential for falsiblity was what distinguished science and scientific information from all that was not scientific. He believed that through experimentation, replication and verification it was possible to examine the theories that were proposed to explain natural phenomena. and to distinguish the truly scientific theories from those that were not. He introduced the term “critical rationalism” to explain this process. Popper’s work was a reaction to the classic empiricism that based theory on observed data. and did not attempt to evaluate the strength of the said theory. Through his work, Popper established the need and importance of falsifying theories – that is – -of examining them critically and accepting only those ideas that are refutable and testable. Theories that cannot be tested and thus, verified were considered as unscientific and were to be discarded in favor of other, more refutable theories. These principles have become ingrained in the scientific methods of the research conducted over the half century succeeding Popper’s work.