Lessons Learned from Katrina Essay

Lessons Learned from Katrina Essay

1. Read the Laditka paper. Summarize and expand on the lessons learned from Katrina. (Hint – Track down the SNAKE report).

2. The article by Elmore and Brown discusses policy implications for older adults in the setting of emergency preparedness and response. On the cover page of that article is a small box that contains the words “Additional efforts are necessary.” What do the authors mean by that? Be specific.

here are 3 different answers all you meed to do is paraphrase a really good answer

answer 1

Question 1

Hurricane Katrina left a bitter taste in the mouths of most Americans and the rest of the world due to the number of lives it claimed and the value of property it destroyed. However, it left us with valuable lessons to reflect on and learn in terms of disaster preparedness. The article by Laditka (Laditka et al., 2008) indicates the first lesson as the need to use nursing homes as a community resource during disasters such as Hurricane Katrina. In addition, there is need to ensure that our disaster management approaches are diverse to different stakeholders. This is important to ensure the disaster management programs address the different needs and cultures of the different evacuees. The other lesson that came out of the Katrina disaster according to the SNAKE Report is that nursing homes, as they may already be well equipped to deal with disasters of certain levels. The only important aspect to consider in this regard is the organization of such resources including human resource in times of disaster.

Question 2

The article by Elmore and Brown incorporates the words “Additional efforts are necessary” on the cover page (Elmore & Brown, 2007) while discussing emergency preparedness and response. The words in this context mean that there is need to develop policies that guarantee proper disaster preparedness and response for older adults (60 years and above). The authors in doing so, attempt to examine variables such as psychosocial resources, social support, trauma severity, economic status, health status and caregiving status. In summary, the authors assert that there is need for additional policies to guarantee the disaster preparedness and response for older adults especially since the hurricane related deaths in the Gulf Coast Hurricanes of 2005 had 74 percent of the numbers being of old age.

References

Elmore, D., & Brown, L. (2007). Emergency preparedness and response: health and social policy implications for older adults. Generations31(4), 66-74.

 

Laditka, S. B., Laditka, J. N., Xirasagar, S., Cornman, C. B., Davis, C. B., & Richter, J. V. (2008). Providing shelter to nursing home evacuees in disasters: lessons from Hurricane Katrina. American Journal of Public Health98(7), 1288-1293.

answer 2

  1. Read the Laditka paper. Summarize and expand on the lessons learned from Katrina. (Hint – Track down the SNAKE report).

In the United States there are around 18000 nursing homes and during a disaster and after disaster nursing home usually get less support than hospital from federal, state and local response agencies. On the other hand, nursing homes need more attention during and after a disaster because of vulnerable older people. In Hurricane Katrina, around 70 nursing home resident died in 13 nursing homes.

Several nursing homes had an issue with evacuation, an average of 267.5 miles was driven by each evacuating nursing home during the evacuation process. Then 20 weeks after Katerina, nursing homes facilities had made a great change to their disaster plan and if the facilities did not do any change they start to consider to do change in their plan. The impact of hurricane Katrina on elderly force the facilities owner to think about the existing evacuation plan and safety policy if sufficient to protect the lives of residents of nursing homes. The lessons learned from Katrina are a lot, first, incorporating the needs of nursing homes into disaster plans by sharing comments from administrators and nursing home staff. Second, emphasized the use of nursing home as a community resource during a disaster. Third, ensure to develop strategies to maintain the mental health of nursing home residents.

2. The article by Elmore and Brown discusses policy implications for older adults in the setting of emergency preparedness and response. On the cover page of that article is a small box that contains the words “Additional efforts are necessary.” What do the authors mean by that? Be specific.

According to Elmore and Brown and their statement” Additional efforts are necessary,” it means that emergency preparedness and response for older adults need some improvements and attention. Also, they highlighted that older population are more vulnerable during the disaster to encourage planner to make an action to help that group of people. it is necessary to improve the existing public policies that deal with emergency preparedness and recovery for older adults.

References

Mead, R. A. (2006). St. Ritas and Lost Causes: Improving Nursing Home Emergency Preparedness. Retrieved from http://scholarship.law.marquette.edu/elders/vol7/i…

Laditka, S. B., Laditka, J. N., Xirasagar, S., Cornman, C. B., Davis, C. B., & Richter, J. V. (2008). Providing Shelter to Nursing Home Evacuees in Disasters: Lessons From Hurricane Katrina. American Journal of Public Health,98(7), 1288-1293. doi:10.2105/ajph.2006.107748

Elmore, D., & Brown, L. (2007). Emergency preparedness and response: health and social policy implications for older adults. Generations, 31(4), 66-74.

answer 3

Question One

The article “Providing Shelter to Nursing Home Evacuees in Disasters: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina” by Sarah Laditka et al provides various valuable lessons for future disaster management preparation. One such lesson is that nursing homes should incorporate practices and procedures to provide metal care following a disaster. It is high time disaster management groups began considering the mental effects that victims have in the aftermath of a major disaster and the difficulty in dealing with such mental effects. The destruction of property is catastrophic but the same could easily be rebuilt. The mental effects of a disaster, however, are hard to avert and would require long-term counseling for the victims. The second lesson from the Hurricane Katrina disaster is that nursing homes need to be included in community preparedness planning. An example given in the article in regard to this is the fact that gas was delivered to hospitals but not to nursing homes in the research study. The various nursing homes in the country are a valuable resource in disaster management and need to be well prepared and equipped in that regard according to the SNAKE report (Laditka et al., 2008).

Question 2

Elmore and Brown use the words “Additional efforts are necessary” on the cover page of the article “Emergency preparedness and response: Health and Social Policy Implications for Older Adults”. The words are hugely important especially since the article mentions that persons who died in the Gulf Coast Hurricanes of 2005 were 74 percent constituted of older adults of 60 years and above (Elmore and Brown, 2007). The authors, therefore, mean that there is a need to put extra work in health and social policies to ensure proper disaster preparedness and response specifically for older adults.

References

Elmore, D., & Brown, L. (2007). Emergency preparedness and response: health and social policy implications for older adults. Generations31(4), 66-74.

Laditka, S. B., Laditka, J. N., Xirasagar, S., Cornman, C. B., Davis, C. B., & Richter, J. V. (2008). Providing shelter to nursing home evacuees in disasters: lessons from Hurricane Katrina. American Journal of Public Health98(7), 1288-1293.