Write a 8 pages paper on how to bring law and order to european countries. Except for treaties and international agreements, EU law comes mostly as regulations and directives intended to underpin the national laws of member states. Regulations are laws with general application, such that member states are under no strict liability to adopt them into national law. In the case of directives, that obligation is unconditional on the part of member states, although they can choose the form and methods by which to implement an EC directive 2.
These provisos in the new EU Constitution are highlighted by this paper in its discussion of how to bring law and order to European countries if the EU law relevant to a particular case contravenes the national law of a member state. if an EC regulation favors one national group over another. or if an EC law that could bolster a local case has no equivalent version in the member state that is hearing the case. In so doing, the paper presents two make-believe cases involving consumer welfare promotion and environmental protection, two areas of concern high on the agenda of the new Constitution as embodied in Article II-62 and Article II-97, respectively. Both areas need state legislation to give them real substance.
In 2006, EC issued Environmental Protection Directive 100/06 to all member states enjoining them to adopt its core provisions into national laws by March 25, 2006. The directive imposes criminal liability on anyone who keeps toxic chemicals .in his property without sufficient safeguards to prevent leakage. If the stored chemicals, which were specified in the EC directive, escape into the atmosphere and cause harm to people, the offense carries a maximum fine of 150,000 euros or its equivalent. In the UK, authorities believed there was no need to enact a new law based on the EC directive because there is a similar environmental law already in place. . . In March 2007, or one year after UK member states were supposed to have introduced the EC directive into their own legal systems, a man named Simon fell ill after eating vegetable grown in his garden, which is adjacent to a warehouse of Otis Chemicals Ltd. that stored the chemicals identified in the EC directive.